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Opposites Attract: Two Violin Concertos In The Hands Of A Master

Jun 24, 2019

Augustin Hadelich's latest album of violin concertos offers two unlikely bedfellows. The tuneful, romantic classic by Johannes Brahms bumps up against the modernist mayhem of György Ligeti. The album, titled simply Brahms, Ligeti: Violin Concertos, also proves to be a compelling introduction to one of today's best, but still undervalued, violinists.

With over 100 recordings of the Brahms concerto to choose from, who needs another? But Hadelich demonstrates he is an intimate communicator with his 1723 Stradivarius, making it sing as sweetly as any of his peers in the Adagio, which sports one of the composer's most tender melodies. The Norwegian Radio Orchestra, led by Miguel Harth-Bedoya, provides transparent, chamber music-like textures, but also flexes considerable muscle in the concerto's outer movements.

Hadelich also has a secret sauce for this piece, and it's in the cadenza. That's a passage in many concertos where the soloist gets to show off with a solo. For this recording, Hadelich composed his own cadenza to close out the first movement. Like building a house in a historic district, the violinist respects the architecture of the neighborhood, but his design is fresh. It puts Hadelich's precision, agility and grit on display while he riffs on themes from earlier in the piece.

The Grammy-winning violinist is 35 years old and makes it all sound easy, but his road to success wasn't. Hadelich, who was born to German parents in Italy, gave his first concert at age 7. But when he was 15, an accident on his family's farm left his face and his right hand badly burned. Some doctors doubted he'd ever play again. But after surgeries, physical therapy and a lot of courage, he won the prestigious Indianapolis Violin Competition. His career was launched, with a technique that blends lyrical elegance and flexible strength. And that is what's needed — in spades — to play the Ligeti concerto, one of the craziest and most confounding in the repertoire.

Completed in 1992, the five-movement work is a ferocious, fascinating ride. The composer filters old musical formulas through his kaleidoscopic lens, pushing the soloist to the brink. Hadelich masters all Ligeti's tricks, every nuanced color and ethereal sound the instrument can make. Chaos is around every corner, but also moments of serene beauty.

Hadelich brings his secret sauce to this concerto too, with another brand new cadenza. This one written for Hadelich by Thomas Adès, the masterful British composer. It dovetails perfectly into the concerto's slam-bang final notes. It's the most astounding passage of the entire album. When Hadelich first saw the score, he thought it was unplayable. But it became just one more road block this singular violinist has vaulted over in his blossoming career.

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MARY LOUISE KELLY, HOST:

A new album of violin concertos combines unlikely bedfellows. One is romantic and tuneful.

(SOUNDBITE OF AUGUSTIN HADELICH PERFORMANCE OF BRAHMS' "VIOLIN CONCERTO, OP.77")

KELLY: The other is audaciously avant-garde.

(SOUNDBITE OF AUGUSTIN HADELICH PERFORMANCE OF LIGETI'S "VIOLIN CONCERTO")

KELLY: Our reviewer, NPR's Tom Huizenga, has been listening and says this odd couple makes for a compelling album, and also a great introduction to a violinist who has persevered through tragedy.

TOM HUIZENGA, BYLINE: Augustin Hadelich is among today's top violinists. And one of the pieces he's chosen to record with the Norwegian Radio Orchestra is the Brahms "Violin Concerto." There are already over 100 recordings of the work to choose from, though, so who needs another? But Hadelich makes a solid case for the music, allowing his instrument to sing as sweetly as any of his peers.

(SOUNDBITE OF AUGUSTIN HADELICH PERFORMANCE OF BRAHMS' "VIOLIN CONCERTO, OP.77")

HUIZENGA: Hadelich is an intimate communicator with his 1723 Stradivarius, but he also has a secret sauce for this Brahms, and it's in the cadenza. That's a passage in concertos where the soloist gets to show off with a solo. For this recording, Hadelich has composed his own cadenza. Like building a house in a historic district, the violinist respects the architecture of the neighborhood, but his design is fresh.

(SOUNDBITE OF AUGUSTIN HADELICH PERFORMANCE OF BRAHMS' "VIOLIN CONCERTO, OP.77")

HUIZENGA: Hadelich is 35 years old and makes it all sound easy, but his road to success wasn't. He gave his first concert at age 7. But when he was 15, an accident on his family's farm in Italy left his face and his right hand badly burned. Some doctors doubted he'd ever play the violin again. But after surgeries and physical therapy, he won a prestigious competition.

His career was launched with a technique that blends lyrical elegance and flexible strength, and that's what you need in spades to play the other concerto on this album by the modern iconoclast Gyorgy Ligeti.

(SOUNDBITE OF AUGUSTIN HADELICH PERFORMANCE OF LIGETI'S "VIOLIN CONCERTO")

HUIZENGA: Ligeti's concerto from 1992 is a ferocious and fascinating ride. The composer filters old musical formulas through his kaleidoscopic lens, pushing the soloist to the brink. Hadelich masters all of Ligeti's tricks, every nuanced color and ethereal sound the instrument can make. And the chaos is followed by moments of serene beauty.

(SOUNDBITE OF AUGUSTIN HADELICH PERFORMANCE OF LIGETI'S "VIOLIN CONCERTO")

HUIZENGA: Hadelich brings his secret sauce to this concerto, too, with another brand-new cadenza. This one was written for Hadelich by Thomas Ades, the masterful British composer, and it dovetails perfectly into the concerto's slam-bang final note. It's the most astounding passage of the entire album. When Augustin Hadelich first saw the score, he thought it was unplayable, but it became just one more roadblock the singular violinist has vaulted over in his blossoming career.

(SOUNDBITE OF AUGUSTIN HADELICH PERFORMANCE OF LIGETI'S "VIOLIN CONCERTO")

KELLY: The album features violin concertos by Ligeti and Brahms. Our reviewer is NPR's Tom Huizenga.

(SOUNDBITE OF AUGUSTIN HADELICH PERFORMANCE OF LIGETI'S "VIOLIN CONCERTO") Transcript provided by NPR, Copyright NPR.